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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

6 edition of index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds found in the catalog.

index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds

by Fulmer, Ellis Ingham

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  • 3 Currently reading

Published by C. C. Thomas in Springfield, Ill, Baltimore, Md .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Fermentation,
  • Microbiology

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Ellis I. Fulmer and C. H. Werkman ... assisted by Anella Wieben and Calvin R. Breden.
    ContributionsWerkman, Chester Hamlin, 1893- joint author., Wieben, Anella., Breden, Calvin Rudolph, 1901-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQR151 .F83
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 198 p., 1 l.
    Number of Pages198
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6750379M
    LC Control Number30030304
    OCLC/WorldCa3156158

    Introduction Considerable progress has been made in understanding the mechanisms of the antibacterial action of antiseptics and disinfectants (, , ).By contrast, studies on their modes of action against fungi (, ), viruses (, ), and protozoa have been rather rmore, little is known about the means whereby these agents inactivate prions ().   In fact, the microorganisms utilize the dissolved organic matter as food for themselves, where the generated sludge will be far less for chemical treatment. In practice, therefore, secondary treatment tends to be a biological process with chemical treatment implemented for the removal of toxic compounds.

    Organisms that gain energy from chemical compounds, chemical compounds can be organic or inorganic. Phototrophs. Organisms that photosynthesize. Autotrophs derive energy from one of two possible nonliving sources. Microorganisms that have special adaptations to extreme conditions. A general rule is that extremophiles will die if placed in. Some microorganisms store certain compounds as granules within their cytoplasm, and the contents of these granules can be used for identification purposes. For example, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a carbon- and energy-storage compound found in some nonfluorescent bacteria of .

    Inorganic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. | Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on PHOSPHORUS.   The key difference between organic and inorganic nitrogen is that the organic nitrogen is the nitrogen that occurs in organic compounds whereas the inorganic nitrogen is nitrogen that occurs in inorganic compounds.. Organic compounds are chemical species containing C and H atom as essential components. When these compounds contain nitrogen as well, this nitrogen is organic .


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Index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds by Fulmer, Ellis Ingham Download PDF EPUB FB2

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video An illustration of an audio speaker. Full text of "An index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds" See other formats. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Fulmer, E.I.

(Ellis Ingham), Index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds. References: p. [] An index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compoundsPages: Genre/Form: Book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Fulmer, Ellis Ingham, Index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds.

An Index to the Chemical Action of Micro-organisms on the Non-Nitrogenous Organic Compounds. An index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds / By Ellis Ingham Fulmer, Calvin Rudolph Breden, Chester Hamlin Werkman and Anella.

Wieben. Topics: Fermentation, Microbiology. Publisher. An index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds / by Ellis I. Fulmer and C. Werkman ; assisted by Anella Wieben and Calvin R.

Breden. By Ellis Ingham Fulmer, Calvin Rudolph Breden, Chester Hamlin Werkman and Anella. Beatrix W. Alsanius, Walter Wohanka, in Soilless Culture (Second Edition), Nitrogen mineralization.

The conversion of organic nitrogen into the inorganic state (nitrogen mineralization) is mediated by microorganisms. This process is divided into two steps, namely, (1) ammonification, that is, the conversion of organic nitrogen-containing substances into ammonium, and (2.

Chemical Microbiology: An Introduction to Microbial Physiology, Third Edition covers aspects of the chemical activities of microorganisms. The book describes the molecular architecture of microorganisms, the methods used in studying this molecular architecture; and the ways by which microorganisms can respond to and modify their environment.

Nitro compounds are obtained from the reaction (called nitration) between nitric acid and an organic compound. Nitrites are derived from nitrous acid (HNO 2).

Nitroso compounds are obtained by the action of nitrous acid on an organic compound. Purines and alkaloids are heterocyclic compounds in which nitrogen replaces one or more carbon atoms.

Author(s): Fulmer,Ellis Ingham,; Werkman,Chester Hamlin, Title(s): An index to the chemical action of microorganisms on the non-nitrogenous organic compounds,by Ellis I. Fulmer and C. Werkman assisted by Anella Wieben and Calvin R. Breden. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version.

Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.

" An Index to the Chemical Action of Microörganisms on the Non-Nitrogenous Organic Compounds." American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health, 20(8), p. Related. The first volume of this work, which appeared in8, was reviewed by Professor W. Tppley on p. of Volume 4 of this Bulletin.

Volume 1 dealt with growth phases, composition and biophysical chemistry of bacteria and their environment; and energetics. Volume 2 is sub-divided into three sections.

Section A is a short but admirable description in 29 pages of the mathematics and. Today, carbolic acid is no longer used as a surgical disinfectant because it is a skin irritant, but the chemical compounds found in antiseptic mouthwashes and throat lozenges are called phenolics.

Chemically, phenol consists of a benzene ring with an –OH group, and phenolics are compounds that have this group as part of their chemical.

Halogen-releasing compounds are found in household bleach. Iodine can be used to help disinfect the skin and prevent infections. How do they work. Halogens are strong oxidising agents, and are effective against all microorganisms.

Though the exact mechanisms of action is unknown, they work primarily by destroying proteins in cells. Fluorine Chemistry, Volume III: Biological Effects of Organic Fluorides focuses on the biological threats of fluorine-containing compounds.

The book first looks at the toxicity of fluoroacetate. Acute human poisoning, chemical factors, cause of death, pharmacological properties, evidence of fluorocitrate, and sites of inhibition are discussed.

The molecular weight and electrotopological E-state indices were used to estimate by Artificial Neural Networks aqueous solubility for a diverse set of organic compounds. The neural network with neurons provided highly predictive results with r2 = and RMS = The used parameters included several combinations of E-state indices with similar properties.

The second stage of decay occurs as a result of the action of micro-organisms. The actions of bacteria on the soft tissue of the body produces a variety of gases which cause the carcass to become bloated and swell in size. It’s claimed that the body can as much as double in size during this stage of decomposition.

The organic nitrogenous compounds are decomposed by microbial enzymes to form ammonia (NH 3) and thus the amount of plant available N in soils is increased through those processes.

An antioxidant is a substance that at low concentrations delays or prevents oxidation of a substrate. Antioxidant compounds act through several chemical mechanisms: hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), single electron transfer (SET), and the ability to chelate transition metals. The importance of antioxidant mechanisms is to understand the biological meaning of antioxidants, their possible uses.An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the chloroalkane class (alkanes with one or more hydrogens substituted by chlorine) provides common examples.

The wide structural variety and divergent chemical. Organic Nitrogen Compounds and the Environment. Since nitrogen comprises 78% of the earth’s atmosphere by volume, it is not surprising that it would be an important component in many diverse organic molecules.

With an electronegativity ofnitrogen forms stable covalent bonds with carbon, oxygen and hydrogen.